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Amitai Etzioni


Amitai Etzioni


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“Much of what we do reflects this inevitable tension between things we would like to do and things we ought to do” [Toward a New Socio-Economic Paradigm, 2003].

“The world needs a new global architecture, additional layers of governance, to deal with issues that neither nations nor traditional forms of intergovernmental organizations can cope with. […] Nowhere is the experiment to build such a new layer of governance more advanced than in the European Union” [Europe. A Beautiful idea, The Hague, 7 September 2004[.

Community = “A web of affect-laden relationships among a group of individuals, relations that often crisscross and reinforce one another (rather than merely one-on-one or chainlike individual relationships), and second, a measure of commitment to a set of shared values, norms, and meanings, and a shared history and identity-in short, to a particular culture” [The New Golden Rule, 1996:127].

“The main danger to privacy for people who live in free democratic societies in the cyber-age comes from within the private sector, not the government” [The Limits of Privacy, 1999].

Index Books

Index Articles

    Amitai Etzioni
  1. [1953] Social Maturity.
    In: Encyclopedia Hebraica, 7: 613-616 (in Hebrew).

  2. [1956] The Organizational Structure of Educational Institutions.
    In: Megamot Child Welfare Research Quarterly, 7(3): 244-253. July 1956 (in Hebrew).

  3. [1957] The Organizational Structure of 'Closed' Educational Institutions in Israel
    In: Harvard Educational Review, 27(2): 107-125. Spring 1957.

  4. [1957] Agrarianism in Israel’s Party System
    In: The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, 23(3): 363-375. August 1957.

  5. [1957] Solidaric Work-Groups in Collective Settlements
    In: Human Organization, 16(3): 2-6. Fall 1957.

  6. [1957] The Organizational Structure of the Kibbutz
    In: Niv HaKevutza, 6(3): 412-433. August 1957; 6(4): 658-682. October 1957. (in Hebrew).

  7. [1958] Du Travail Considere comme Methode Educative dans les Ecoles d’Israel. In: Enfance, 16(5): 535-545. November-December 1957.
    Translated into English: Work: An Educational Technique in Israeli Schools
    In: The School Review, 66(3): 329-340. August 1958.

  8. [1958] Human Relations and the Foreman
    In: The Pacific Sociological Review, 1(1): 33-38. Spring 1958.

  9. [1958] Democratic and Non-Democratic Supervision in Industry
    In: The Journal of Human Relations, 6(4): 47-51. Summer 1958.

  10. [1958] «Kulturkampf» ou Coalition, le Cas d’Israël
    In: Revue Française de Science Politique, 8(2): 311-331. June 1958.
    Translated into English: Religious Parties: The Base of Political Stability. Also published in Sociologica Religiosa, pp. 3-27. 1958.

  11. [1958] Administration and the Consumer
    In: Administrative Science Quarterly, 3(2): 251-264. September 1958.
    According the classical theory of economics an enterprise can only survive when it serves the consumer: the consumer controles the production and the distribution of goods and services through his purchasing power. But this ideology of consumer sovereignty leaves unanswered the empirical question of the degree to which public and private economic resources are actually tuned to public needs and of the ways in which these needs are effectively expressed. Etzioni argues that in some sectors of the economy the consumer’s influence is rather limited.

  12. [1958] Industrial Sociology: The Study of Economic Organizations
    In: Social Research, 25(3): 303-324. Reprinted in Thomas Moranian, David Grunewald and Richard Reidenbach (eds.) [1965], Business Policy and Its Environment.

  13. [1959] Lower Levels of Leadership in Industry
    In: Sociology and Social Research, 43(2): 209-212. January-February 1959.
    The distinction between formal and informal organization delineates the sources of motivation for accepting or rejecting the role-expectations of an organizational structure. Leadership plays a major role in recruiting identification with the organization’s objectives, regulations, and directions. The lower level of leadership, the foreman, is considered the direct bridge between formal and informal organization.

  14. [1959] The Ghetto — A Re-Evaluation
    In:Social Forces, 37(3): 255-262. March 1959.

  15. [1959] The Functional Differentiation of Elites in the Kibbutz
    In: American Journal of Sociology, 64(5): 476-487. March 1959.
    Reprinted in Ernest Krauz (ed.) [1983] The Sociology of the Kibbutz. Studies of Israeli Society Vol. II. Rutgers, New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

  16. [1959] Authority Structure and Organizational Effectiveness
    In: Administrative Science Quarterly, 4(1): 43-67. June 1959.
    Reprinted in: C.Z. Wilson / M. Alexis [1967] Organizational Decision Making. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, pp. 14-28.
    Reprinted in part in: William A. Glaser / David L. Sills (eds.) [1966] The Government of Associations: Selections from the Behavioral Sciences. Totowa, N.J.: The Bedminister Press, pp. 209-213.
    Reprinted in part as “Managers, Staff Experts and Authority”, in Robert Dubin (ed.) [1968] Human Relations in Administration. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

  17. [1959] Alternative Ways to Democracy: The Example of Israel
    In: Political Science Quarterly, 74(2): 196-214.
    Reprinted in: Nelson Polsby / Robert Dentler / P. Smith (eds.) [1963] Political and Social Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    Reprinted in: H. Eckstein / D.E. Apter (eds.) [1963] Comparative Politics. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press, pp. 712-721.

  18. [1960] Interpersonal and Structural Factors in the Study of Mental Hospitals
    In: Psychiatry, 23(1): 13-22. February 1960.

  19. [1960] New Directions in the Study of Organizations and Society
    In: Social Research, 27(2): 223-228. Summer 1960.

  20. [1960] Two Approaches to Organizational Analysis: A Critique and a Suggestion
    In: Administrative Science Quarterly, 5(2): 257-278. September 1960.
    Reprinted in: Oscar Grusky / George A. Miller (eds.) [1970] The Sociology of Organizations: Basic Studies. New York: The Free Press, pp. 215-225.
    Reprinted in: Herbert C. Schulberg /Alan Sheldon / Frank Baker (eds.) [1969] Program Evaluation in the Health Fields. New York: Behavioral Publications, pp. 101-120.
    Reprinted in: Frank Baker (ed.) [1973] Organizational Systems: General System Approaches to Complex Organizations. Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin, pp. 459-475.

  21. [1962] The National Religious Institutions of American Jewry
    In: Judaism, 11(2): 112-122. Spring 1962. Reprinted in: Jacob Neusner (ed.) [1993] Judaism in Cold War America, 1945-1990: A Collection of Scholarly Essays. Connecticut: Garland Publishing Inc.

  22. [1962] International Prestige, Competition and Peaceful Coexistence
    In: Archives Europeenees de Sociologie, 3(1): 21-41.

  23. [1962] A Paradigm for the Study of Political Unification
    In: World Politics, 15(1): 44-47. October 1962.

  24. [1962] The Decline of Neo Feudalism: The Case of Israel
    In: Ferrel Heady / Sybil L. Stokes (eds.) [1962] Papers in Comparative Public Administration. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, pp. 229-243.
    Reprinted in: M. Lissak / E. Gutman (eds.) [1971] Political Institutions and Processes in Israel. Jerusalem: Hebrew University, pp. 70-87.

  25. [1962] The Dialectics of Supranational Unification
    In: The American Political Science Review, 56(4): 927-935. December 1962.
    Reprinted in: Robert W. Gregg / Michael Barkun (eds.) [1986] The United Nations System and its Functions: Selected Readings. Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand, pp. 406-417.

  26. [1963] The Epigenesis of Political Communities at the International Level
    In: American Journal of Sociology, 68(4): 407-421. January 1963.
    Reprinted in: R.C. Simpson / I.H. Simpson (eds.) [1964] Social Organization and Behavior. New York: Wiley & Sons, pp. 452-457.
    Reprinted in: Louis Kriesberg (ed.) [1968] Social Processes in International Relations: A Reader. New York: Wiley & Sons, pp. 446-465.
    Reprinted in: James N. Rosenau (ed.) [1969] International Politics and Foreign Policy: A Reader in Research and Theory. New York: Free Press, pp. 346-358.
    Translated into Dutch in: J.K.M. Gevers [1971] Sociologie als Wetenschap van de maatschappij. Amsterdam: Boon Meppel, pp. 157-182.

  27. [1963] European Unification and Perspectives on Sovereignty
    In: Daedalus, 92(2): 498-520. Summer 1963.
    Reprinted in: The Atlantic Community Quarterly, 11: 120-122. 1964.

  28. [1963] European Unification: A Strategy of Change
    In: World Politics, 16(1): 32-51. October 1963.
    Translated into Italian in: Mercurio, 7(7): 38-44.
    Reprinted in: David McLellan / William C. Olson / Fred A. Sonderman (eds.) [1974] The Theory and Practice of International Relations. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, pp. 384-394,

  29. [1964] Atlantic Union, the Southern Continents, and the United Nations
    In: Roger Fisher (ed.) [1964] International Conflict and Behavioral Science. New York: Basic Books. January 21, pp. 179-207.

  30. [1964] Anatomy of an Incident
    In: Columbia Journalism Review, 3(2): 27-30. Summer 1964.

  31. [1964] On Self-Encapsulating Conflicts
    In: The Journal of Conflict Resolution, 8(3): 242-255. September 1964.

  32. [1964] Weltsicherheit ohne Abrustung?
    In: Atomzeitalter, 9: 230-237. September 1964.

  33. [1964] Getting R & D Out of Orbit
    In: The American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. VIII, No. 2 (October 1964), pp. 6-10.

  34. [1964] Social Analysis as a Sociological Vocation
    In: The American Journal of Sociology, 70(5): 613-622. March 1964.
    Reprinted in: Arthur B. Shostak (ed.) [1866] Sociology in Action. Homewood, Ill.: Dorsey Press, pp. 317-323.
    Reprinted in : Edward A. Tiryakian (ed.) [1971] The Phenomenon of Sociology. New York: Appleton Century Crofts, pp. 372-383.

  35. [1965] Dual Leadership in Complex Organizations
    In: American Sociological Review, 30(5): 688-698. October 1965.
    Reprinted in: Gerald D. Bell (ed.) [1967] Organizations and Human Behavior (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc., pp. 81-85.
    Reprinted in: James E. Heald / Luis G. Romano / Nicholas P. Georgiady (eds.) [1970] Selected Readings on General Supervision. London: Macmillan Co., pp. 54-68.

  36. [1965] Strategic Models for a Policentric World
    In: The Centennial Review, 9(1): 1-20. Winter 1965.

  37. [1965] America in a Pluralistic World
    In: Hans J. Morgenthau (ed.) [1965] The Crossroad Papers: A Look into the American Future. New York: Norton, pp. 184-195. March 17, 1965.

  38. [1965] Organizational Control and Structure
    In: James March (ed.) [1965] Handbook of Organizations. Chicago: Rand McNally, pp. 650-677.
    Translated into French: “Les structures de controle dans les organizations”, in: Synopsis pp. 33-51, May-June 1967.
    Translated into Dutch: “De controlestructuren in de organisaties”, in: Synopsis, pp. 37-58. May-June 1967.

  39. [1965] Strategic Models for a De-polarizing World
    In: Journal of Peace Research, 2, pp. 136-146.
    Reprinted in: William D. Coplin / Charles W. Kegley, Jr. (eds.) [1971] A Multi-method Introduction to International Politics. Chicago: Markham Pub. Co., pp. 276-289.
    Rreprinted in: Clagett G. Smith (ed.) [1971] Conflict Resolution: Contributions of the Behavioral Sciences. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame, pp. 542-553.

  40. [1966] On the National Guidance of Science
    In: Administrative Science Quarterly, 10(4): 466-487. March 1966.

  41. [1966] War and Disarmament
    In: Robert K. Merton / Robert A. Nisbet (eds.) [1966] Contemporary Social Problems. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, pp. 723-773.

  42. [1967] Sociological Perspectives on Strategy
    In: Transactions of the Sixth World Congress of Sociology, International Sociological Association, pp. 141-144.

  43. [1967] Toward a Sociological Theory of Peace
    In: Llewellyn Gross (ed.), [1967] Sociological Theory: Inquiries and Paradigms. New York: Harper and Row, pp. 267-293.

  44. [1967] Toward a Macrosociology
    Academy of Management Proceedings, 27th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., pp. 12-33. December 27-29, 1967.
    Translated into Italian: “Una prospettiva teorica per l’elaborazione di una macrosociologia”, in: Rassegna Italiana di Sociologia, 8(2): 167-208. April-June 1967.
    Translated into Spanish: &ldquoHacia una Macrosociologia (Una perspectiva teorica)”, in: Revista Mexicana de Sociologia, 29(3): 513-551. July-September 1967.
    Translated into German: “Elemente einer Makrosoziologie”, in: Wolfgang Zapf (ed.) [1969] Theorien des sozialen Wandels (Cologne: Kiepenheuer und Witsch, pp. 147-176.
    Revised version in: John C. McKinney / Edward A. Tiryakian (eds.) [1970] Theoretcal Sociology: Perspectives and Developments. New York: Appleton Century Crofts, pp. 69-97.
    Reprinted in: James S. Coleman / Amitai Etzioni / John Porter [1970] Macrosociology: Research and Theory. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, pp. 107-143.
    Translated into Dutch in: J.K.M. Gevers (ed.) [1971] Sociologie als wetenschap van de maatschappij. Amsterdam: Boon Meppel, pp. 87-122;
    Reprinted in: Fred I. Katz (ed.) [1971] Contemporary Sociological Theory. New York: Random House, pp. 161-186.
    Translated into Polish: “Perspectywy Teoretyczne Makrocosjologii”, in: Studia Socjologiczno Polityczne 25: 45-65. 1968.
    Revised version as “Toward a Macrosociology — Elements of a Theory of Societal and Political Processes”, in: Donald M. Freemen (ed.) [1977] Foundation of Political Science. New York: The Free Press, pp. 607-641.

  45. [1967] The Kennedy Experiment
    In: The Western Political Quarterly, 20(2): 361-380. June 1967.
    Reprinted in Louis Kriesberg (ed.) [1968] Social Processes in International Relations. New York: Wiley, pp. 415-437.
    Reprinted in: Don Carlson / Craig Comstock (eds.) Securing our Planet: How to Succeed When Threats are Too Risky and There’s Really No Defense. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., pp. 40-50.
    Translated into German: Atomzeitalter, 3:79-88. March 1966.
    Translated into Italian: Tempi Moderni, 9(24): 101- 116.January-March 1966.
    A different version: “Kennedy^rsquo;s Russian Experiment” in: Psychology Today, 3(7): 42-45, 62. December 1969.
    Reprinted in “Can JFK Peace Psychology Tactics Work for Nixon?”, in: The Washington Post, December 7, 1969.
    Reprinted in: Edwin I. Megargee / Jack E. Hokanson (eds.) [1970] The Dynamics of Aggression. New York: Harper & Row, pp. 227-247.
    Reprinted in Ralph K. White (ed.) [1986] Psychology and the Prevention of Nuclear War. New York: New York University Press, pp. 204-210.

  46. [1967] Social Control: Organizational Aspects
    In: International Encyclopedia of Social Science, 14: 369-402New York: Macmillan.

  47. [1967] Toward a Theory of Societal Guidance
    In: American Journal of Sociology, 73(2): 173-187. September 1967.

  48. [1967] Nonconventional Uses of Sociology as Illustrated by Peace Research
    In: Paul F. Lazarsfeld / William H. Sewell / Harold L. Wilensky (eds.) [1967] The Uses of Sociology. New York: Basic Books, pp. 806-836.

  49. [1967] Mixed Scanning: A ‘Third’ Approach to Decision-Making
    In: Public Administration Review, 27(5): 385-392. December 1967.
    Reprinted in: Dean L. Yarwood (ed.) [1971] The National Administrative System: Selected Readings. New York: John Wiley, pp. 265-273;
    Reprinted in: Joseph A. Uveges, Jr. [1971] The Dimensions of Public Administration: Introductory Readings. Boston: Holbrook Press, pp.264-274.
    Reprinted in: Jong S. Jun / William B. Strom (eds.) [1973] Tomorrow’s Organizations: Challenges and Strategies. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman and Co., pp. 226-233.
    Reprinted in: A. Faludi (ed.) [1973] A Reader in Planning Theory. Oxford: Pergamon.

  50. [1968] How May Congress Learn?
    In: Science, 159(3811): 170-172. January 11, 1968.

  51. [1968] Government by Commissions
    In: The Record, 69(6): 563-565. March 1968.

  52. [1968] Fatti e Consequenze
    In: Nuova Antologia, 2007: 370-381. March 1968.

  53. [1968] Making Riots Mandatory
    In: Psychiatry and Social Science Review, 2(5): 2-7. May 1968.
    Reprinted as: “America’s Racial Crisis: Did the Kerner Commission Fail?, in: Current, No. 99: 23-35. September 1968.
    Reprinted as: “The Sins of Commission: The Political Failure of the Kerner Report”, in: Motive, Vol.28(8): 22-26. May 1968.

  54. [1968] Toward a Theory of Guided Societal Change
    In: Social Casework, 49(4): 335-338. June 1968.
    Reprinted in: Gary A. Lloyd / Rita M. Comarda (eds.) [1970] Readings in Social Work Practice. New York: Selected Academic Readings, Simon & Schuster, Inc., pp. 2940.
    Translated into Dutch in: Maatschappelijk Sturen en Maastschappelijk mobiliseren. Rotterdam: University Press, 1974.

  55. [1968] Cybernetics of Society.
    In:Medical Opinion and Review, 4(8): 22-29. August 1968.
    Reprinted as: On Changing Societies, in: Review and Expositor, 68(3): 309-315. Summer 1971.
    Reprinted in: Reflections of Pastoral Care,i n: Baptist Medical Center System, 4(3): 4-6. August 1972.
    Reprinted in a different version as “Toward a Cybernetic Theory of Societal Processes”, in: T.J. Nossiter / A.H. Hanson / Stein Rokkan (eds.) [1972] Imagination and Precision in the Social Sciences. London: Faber & Faber Ltd., pp. 109-120.

  56. [1968] Shortcuts to Social Change
    In: The Public Interest, 12: 40-51. Summer 1968.
    Reprinted in: Current, 10-18. October 1968.
    Reprinted in: Gerald Zaltman / Philip Kotler / Ira Kaufman (eds.) [1972] Creating Social Change. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., pp. 541-549.
    Reprinted in: Frank M. Loewenberg / Ralph Dolgoff (eds.) [1972] The Practice of Social Intervention: Roles, Goals & Strategies. Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Pub., Inc., pp. 482-495.
    Reprinted in: Paul B. Horton / Gerald R. Leslie [1971] Studies in the Sociology of Social Problems. New York: Appleton Century Crofts, pp. 555-567.

  57. [1968] Toward a Critical and Objective Sociology.
    In: et al, 1(3): 11. Summer, 1968.

  58. [1968] Sex Control, Science and Society
    In: Science, 161: 1107-1112. September 13, 1968.
    Reprinted in part in: Mademoiselle, pp. 150-152. January 1969.
    Reprinted in: Lars Dencik (ed.) [1969] Scientific Research and Politics (Lund Sweden: Studentliteratur, pp. 110-125.
    Reprinted in: Carl Reiterman (ed.) [1970] Social Change. New York: Selected Academic Readings, Simon & Schuster, Inc., pp. 2947 *1 - 2947 *6.
    Reprinted in: F.H. Knelman (ed.) [1971] 1984 and All That. Belmont, California: Wadsworth.
    Reprinted in: Adela S. Baer (ed.) [1973] Heredity and Society: Readings in Social Genetics. New York: The Macmillan Co., pp. 323-335.

  59. [1968] Social Analysis and Social Action
    In: The American Behavioral Scientist, 12(3): 31-33. September-October 1968.
    Reprinted in: Irving L. Horowitz (ed.) [1969] Sociological Self-Images: A Collective Portrait. Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications, pp. 133-142.

  60. [1968] Mobilization as a Macro-Sociological Conception
    In: The British Journal of Sociology, 19(3): 243-253. September 1968.

  61. [1968] Societal Guidance: A Key to Macro-Sociology
    In: Acta Sociologica Scandinavian Review of Sociology, 11: 197-206. October 1, 1968.

  62. [1968] Societal Guidance: A Perspective on Society
    In: Bucknell Review, 16: 30-39.

  63. [1968] On Public Affairs Statements of Professional Associations
    In: The American Sociologist, 3(4): 279-280. November 1968.

  64. [1968] Basic Human Needs, Alienation and Inauthenticity
    In: American Sociological Review, 33(6): 870-884. December 1968.
    Reprinted in: Gary A. Lloyd / Rita M. Comarda (eds.) [1970] Readings in Social Work Practice. New York: Selected Academic Readings, Simon & Schuster, Inc., pp. 2942*1-2942*16.
    Reprinted in: John F. Glass / John R. Staude (eds.) [1972] Humanistic Society: Today’s Challenge to Sociology. Pacific Palisades, California: Goodyear Pub. Co. Inc., pp. 74-93.
    Most sociologists considerthe concept of basic human needs as unproductive. Etzioni suggests that it is fruitful to assume “that there is a universal set of basic human needs which have attributes of their own, not determined by the social structure, cultural patterns, or socialization processes.” The restoration of the concept of basic human needs into sociological theory corrects the ‘over-socialized’ conception of man.

  65. [1968] Organizational Dimensions and Their Interrelationships: A Theory of Compliance
    In: Bernard P. Indik / F. Kenneth Berrien (eds.) [1968] People, Groups, and Organizations. New York: Teachers College, pp. 94-109.

  66. [1969] Faculty Response to Racial Tensions
    In: The Campus and the Racial Crisis. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education, pp. 108-125.

  67. [1969] On the Need for More Analysis and the Instruments for Its Advancement
    In: Behavioral Science, 14(1): 47-50. January 1969.

  68. [1969] Agency for Technological Development for Domestic Programs
    In: Science, 164: 43-50. April 4, 1969.
    Reprinted in: Congressional Record, pp. 3169-3174. April 21, 1969

  69. [1969] Man and Society: The Inauthentic Condition
    In: Human Relations, 22(4): 325-332.
    Reprinted in: Frances F. Korten / Stuart W. Cook / John I. Lacey (eds.) [1970] Psychology and the Problems of Society. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, pp. 451-459.
    Reprinted in: Contents, 2(2): 33-36/ February 1970.
    Reprinted in: Robert Buckhout (ed.) [1971] Toward Social Change. New York: Harper & Row Pub., pp. 24-28.
    Reprinted in: Morton Levitt / Ben Rubenstein (eds.) [1971] The Mental Health Field: A Critical Appraisal. Detroit: Wayne University Press, pp. 65-77.

  70. [1969] Toward a Theory of Guided Societal Change
    In: Social Science Quarterly, 50(3): 749-754. December 1969.
    Reprinted in: Louis A. Zurcher, Jr. / Charles M. Bonjean (eds.), [1970] Planned Social Intervention. Scranton, London, Toronto: Chandler Pub. Co., pp. 222-227; reprinted in: Jeffrey K. Hadden / Louis H. Masotti / Calvin J. Larson (eds.) [1971] Metropolis in Crisis: Social and Political Perspectives. Itasca, Illinois: F.E. Peacock Pub., pp. 487-490.
    Translated into German in K.W.H. Joachim (ed.) [1975] Planvolle Steverung des Gesellschaftichen Handels. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 63-70.

  71. [1970] Indicators of the Capacities for Societal Guidance
    In: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 338: 25-34. March 1970.

  72. [1970] Social-Psychological Aspects of International Relations
    In: Garnder Lindzey / Elliot Aronson (eds.) [1970] The Handbook of Social Psychology. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 5: 538-601.

  73. [1970] Consensus and Reforms in the ‘Great Society’
    In: Sociological Inquiry, 40(1): 113-129. Winter 1970.

  74. [1970] The War on Poverty: Between Economics and Politics
    In: Policy Sciences, 1: 255-265.

  75. [1970] Universities: Strike, Strike, Strike?
    In: Educational Record, 51(3): 219-221. Summer 1970.

  76. [1970] Freeing the Food and Drug Administration
    In: The Record, 12(10): 37-39. October 1970.

  77. [1970] Societal Turnability: A Theoretical Treatment
    In: Bernard Udis (ed.) [1970] Adjustments of the U.S. Economy to Reductions in Military Spending, pp. 547-598.
    Reprinted in: Bernard Udis (ed.) [1973] The Economic Consequences of Radical Military Spending. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, pp. 337-388.

  78. [1971] School as a ‘Guidable’ System
    In: Vernon F. Haubrich (ed.) [1971] Freedom, Bureaucracy & Schooling. Washington: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development NEA, pp. 29-45.

  79. [1971] Violence
    In: Robert K. Merton / Robert Nisbet (eds.) [1971] Contemporary Social Problems. New York, Chicago, San Francisco: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., pp. 709-742.

  80. [1971] Policy Research
    In: The American Sociologist, 6: 8-12. June, 1971.
    Translated into French in: Synopsis, pp. 1-12. September-October, 1971.
    Reprinted in: Robert B. Smith (ed.) [1983] An Introduction to Social Research, Vol. I of the Handbook of Social Science Methods. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Co., pp. 77-92.

  81. [1971] The Policy of Open Admissions
    In: G. Kerry Smith (ed.) [1971] New Teaching New Learning. Washington, D.C.: American Association for Higher Education, pp. 110-120.

  82. [1971] The Educational Mission
    In: Daniel U. Levine / Robert J. Havighurst (eds.) [1971] Farewell to Schools??? Worthington, Ohio: Charles A. Jones Publishing Co., pp. 94-97.

  83. [1971] Cable TV: Instant Shopping or Participatory Technology
    In: Social Policy, 2(4): 52-55. November-December 1971.

  84. [1972] Technological “Shortcuts” to Social Change - with Richard Remp
    In: Science New Series, 175(4017): 31-38. January 7, 1972.

  85. [1972] Continuity and Discontinuity in the Contemporary Crisis of Meanings
    In: The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 6(1-2). January-April, 1972.
    Reprinted in a revised version in: “The Search for Political Meaning”, in: The Center Magazine, 5(2): 2-8, March-April, 1972.
    Revised version published as: “The Search for Political Meaning” in: Nelson N. Foote / Carol Coe Conway (eds.) Social Institutions, A Book of Readings. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., pp. 213-222.

  86. [1972] The Make Believe War on Pollution
    In: Proceedings Sixth International Water Quality Symposium. Washington, D.C.: The Water Quality Research Council, pp. 92-93. April 18-19, 1972.

  87. [1972] Americans Reject Their Constitution: What is to be Done?
    In: The Educational Forum, 36(4): 461-463. May, 1972.
    Reprinted in: The Congressional Record, S1482-S1483. January 29, 1973.

  88. [1972] The Untapped Potential of the ‘Third Sector’
    In: Business and Society Review, 1: 39-44. Spring 1972.

  89. [1972] Politics: The Great Shaman
    In: Psychology Today, 6(6): 89, 142-143. November, 1972.
    Reprinted in: [1973] Annual Editions Readings in Social Problems, ’73/’74. Sluice Dock, Guilford, Ct.: The Dushkin Publishing Group, Inc., pp. 11-16.
    Reprinted in: [1973] Annual Editions Readings in Social Problems, ’74/’75. Sluice Dock, Guilford, Ct.: The Dushkin Publishing Group, Inc., pp. 14-19.

  90. [1972] Minerva: An Electronic Town Hall
    In: Media Ecology Review, 2(3): 3-5. November 1972.

  91. [1972] Minerva: An Electronic Town Hall
    In: Policy Sciences, 3(4): 457-74. December 1972.
    Etzioni presents the specifications for an electronic technology that will allow masses of citizens to have discussions with each other, and which will enable them to reach group decisions without leaving their homes or crowding into a giant hall. In contemporary modern societies, there are no effective means by which large groups of citizens, whether dispersed across the country or clustered in a single community, can regularly interact among themselves or with their leaders. In some instances people may, after considerable delay, indicate their responses to broadcasted messages by means of letters or petitions that are in turn broadcast. But real-time dialogues have been virtually impossible, and communication remains mostly unidirectional. One result of such unidirectional communication is the increasing alienation of the citizen from political and social processes; another is the making of decisions that are unresponsive to the real wishes or needs of the people and, as such, widely resisted. In addition, there is little opportunity for mutual influence to occur, or for an authentic group consensus to evolve. A technological system is needed that will allow a large number of citizens, dispersed throughout their communities and throughout the nation, to dialogue with each other regularly and to form their positions on public issues as a group.

  92. [1973] Social Sciences Perspective on the Dynamics of our Crisis
    In: Philosophy Forum, 131(1-2): 29-57. March 1973.

  93. [1973] Methadone: Best Hope for Now
    In: Smithsonian, 4(1): 50, 52-53. April, 1973.
    Reprinted in: Nursing Digest, 2(1): 30-33. January 1974; in Nursing Digest 1975 Review of Psychiatry and Mental Health (Wakefield, Mass.: Contemporary Pub., Inc., 1975), pp. 3-34; in Review of Community Health (Wakefield, Mass.: Contemporary Pub., Inc., 1975), pp. 226-229.

  94. [1973] Population Control
    In: Harold Hart (Pub.) [1973] Population Control; For and Against. New York: Hart/ Pub. Co., Inc., pp. 151-163.
    For Etzioni the debate about population as a false issue. There is now no such thing and very likely there can be no such thing as population control. Control implies to be in charge, to guide, to direct. But no person, corporation, or government can set the rate of population growth at zero or 2.3 percent or 1.6 percent or any other precise point. How can we control anything if we don’t know where it’s going?

  95. [1973] Projects de réforme des institutions d’enseignement
    In: Sociologie et Sociétés, 5(1): 151-182. May 1973.

  96. [1973] The Third Sector and Domestic Missions
    In: Public Administration Review, 33(4): 314-323. July-August 1973.

  97. [1973] An Engineer-Social Science Team at Work
    In: John C. MacKinney / Richard A. Scribner (eds.) [1973] Institutions for the Application of Science to Social Needs. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, pp. 51-65.
    Reprinted in: Technology Review, 77(3): 27-31.January, 1975
    Reprinted in: Research Management, 19(1): 18-22. June 1975.

  98. [1973] Health Care and Self Care: The Genetic Fix
    In: Society, 10(6): 28-32. September-October, 1973.
    Reprinted in: Congressional Record, S22159-S22160. December 7, 1973.

  99. [1973] The Secret Power of Telephone Conference Calls
    In: Telecommunications, 7(10): 37-38. October 1973.

  100. [1973] Educational Institutions as a ‘Guidable’ System
    In: The Library Quarterly, 143(4): 339-356. October 1973.
    Reprinted in : Indian Journal of Social Research, 15(2): 164-178. August-December 1974.
    Reprinted in: Peabody Journal of Education, 54(1): 21-30. October 1976.

  101. [1973] Genetic Fix: Should We Dare, Who Will Decide?
    In: Modern Medicine, 41(22): 38D-48H. October 29, 1973.

  102. [1973] For Authority: New Style
    In: Social Education, 37(6): 546-547. October 1973.

  103. [1973] Doctors Know More Than They’re Telling You About Genetic Defects
    In: Psychology Today, 7(6): 26, 28-31, 35-36, 137. November 1973.
    Reprinted in: Congressional Record, pp. E737-E739. February 20, 1974.
    Reprinted as Biomedicine and Ethics: What Role for Genetic Engineering?, in: Current, 158: 38-40. January 1974.

  104. [1973] The Crisis of Modernity: Deviation of Demise?
    In: Journal of Human Relations, 21(4): 371-394. Fourth Quarter, 1973.
    Translated into German as: Die Krise der Modernitat: Super Technologie oder Partizipation, in: Willy Hochkeppel (ed.) [1973] Wie Krank ist Amerika? Hamburg: Hoffman und Campe Verlag, pp. 94-123.
    Translated into French as: La Crise de Modernite: deviation ou continuite, in: The Human Context, 5(3): 622-637. Autumn 1973.
    Reprinted in: International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 16(1-2): 1-18. March-June 1975.

  105. [1973] Moral and Social Implications of Genetic Manipulation
    In: Claude A. Frazier, M.D. (ed.) [1973] Is it Moral to Modify Man? Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas Pubs., pp. 267-269.

  106. [1973] Public Policy and Curbing Violence
    In: International Journal of Group Tensions, 3(3-4): 76-95. September 1973.
    As Three Policies to Reduce Crime by One Third in Twelve Months,, in: The Forensic Quarterly, 50(3): 273-288. August 1976.

  107. [1974] Social Implications of the Use and Non-use of New Genetic and Medical Techniques
    In: Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences [1974] Protection of Human Rights in the Light of New Scientific and Technological Progress in Biology and Medicine, pp. 48-75. January 1, 1974.

  108. [1974] Interstate Integration of Students
    In: The Educational Forum, 36(2): 223-224. January 1974.

  109. [1974] Alternative Conceptions of Accountability - Part 1
    In: Hospital Progress,55(6): 34-39. June 1974. Part 2, pp. 56-59. July 1974.
    Reprinted as: “Accountability in Health Administration” in: [1975] Selected Papers of the Commission on Education for Health Administration. Ann Arbor: Health Administration Press, pp. 3-24; “Accountability in Health Administration”, in: Anthony R. Kovner / Duncan Neuhauser (eds.) [1983] Health Services Management: Readings and Commentary. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press, pp. 491-512; “Alternative Conceptions of Accountability”, in: Harry I. Greenfield [1975] Accountability in Health Facilities. New York: Praeger, pp. 121-142; “Alternative Conceptions of Accountability: The Example of Health Administration”, in: Public Administration Review, 35(3): 279-286. May-June 1975.
    Reprinted in: Frederick S. Lane (ed.) [1978] Current Issues in Public Administration. New York: St. Martin's Press, pp. 510- 519.

  110. [1974] Human Nature and the Transforming Society
    In: International Journal of Group Tensions, 3(3): 284-312. September 1974.

  111. [1974] Public Policy Issues Raised by a Medical Breakthrough
    In: Policy Analysis, 1(1): 69-76. Winter 1975.
    Also published as “Issues of Public Policy in the USA Raised by Amniocentesis”, in: Journal of Medical Ethics, 2(1): 8-11. March 1976; as “Public Policy Issues Raised by Medical Breakthrough”, in: E. Eldridge . N. Meredith (eds.) [1976] Environmental Issues: Family Impact. Minneapolis: Burgess Pub. Co., pp. 284-288.

  112. [1975] Amniocentesis: A Case Study in the Management of ‘Genetic Engineering’
    In: Ethics in Science and Medicine, 2(1): 13-24. May 1975.

  113. [1975] Rules for Using Forecasts and Forecasters
    In: World Future Society Bulletin, 10(3): 9-11. May-June, 1976.
    Also published as “Futures Analysis”, in: Analysen und Prognosen, pp. 19-20. July 1976. Also published as “Futures Analysis” in: Estabrook Leigh [1977] Libraries in Post-Industrial Society. Phoenix, Arix.: Onyx Press, pp. 40-44.

  114. [1975] A Creative Adaptation to a World of Rising Shortages
    In: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 420: 98-110. July 1975. Reprinted in: Renaissance Universal Journal, 1(4): 3-8. Fall 1976.

  115. [1975] Societal Overload: Its Causes and Corrections
    In: Melvin Zimet [1975] The Frontier of Knowledge in Business 1974-1975. New York: Manhattan College, pp. 106-114.

  116. [1975] On Medical Feedback Systems
    In: Evaluation, 2(2): 11. Published also as “Evaluation Studies Required”, in: New Scientist, 65(942): 763. March 27, 1975.

  117. [1975] ‘Deinstitutionalization’ - Public Policy Fashion
    In: Evaluation, 3(1-2): 9-10.
    Also published as “No Place to Go”, in: The Washington Monthly, 8(10): 42-48. December 1976.
    Reprinted as “No Place to Go”, in: Readings in Social Problems ’77-’78. Sluice Dock, Guilford, Ct.: The Dushkin Publishing Group, Inc., pp. 121-123.

  118. [1975] Amniocentesis: A Pandora’s Box
    In: Medical Opinion, 5(8):203-205. August 1976. Also printed in: Public Health Reviews.

  119. [1975] After Nuclear War, What America?
    In: Science News, 108(25/26): 393. December 20-27, 1975.
    Could we ever be the first to strike the enemy with nuclear weapons? Would we blast enemy cities or military targets ? Above all, would any of us survive a nuclear war?

  120. [1976] Old People and Public Policy
    In: Social Policy, 7(3): 21-29. November-December 1976..
    Reprinted in: Howard E. Freeman (ed.) [1978] Policy Studies Review Annual, 2: 608-615.

  121. [1977] Quality Cost and Equal Access-Variables at Cross Purposes
    In: Medical Group Management, 24(3): 55-58. May-June 1977.

  122. [1977] Health as a Social Priority
    In: Arthur Levine (ed.) [1977] Health Services: The Local Perspective. New York: Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science,32(3): 8-14.

  123. [1977] Can Schools Teach Kids Moral Values?
    Stages of moral development
    Lawrence Kohlberg suggests that children move from an amoral stage toward ever greater concern with the needs and feelings of others, a sense of justice, reciprocity, and equality. Children at first believe in doing what is right only because (and as long as) violations entail punishment or conformity generates pleasure. As their capacity for morality develops naturally with age and is developed by education, they learn to behave in ways that will gain the approval of others. Finally, at the highest levels, they come to understand the intrinsic virtue of being law-abiding and ethical.
    It is useless to try to get children at the most primitive stage of moral development to understand principles or modes of reasoning at the highest level. At the same time, it is possible, through proper classroomndialectics, to help childrcn move up one stage at a time in their Icvcls of moral reasoning.
    In: New York University Education Quarterly, 9(1): 25-38. Fall 1977. “Can Schools Teach Kids Values?”, in: Today’s Education, 66(3): 28-38. September-October 1977.
    Schools need to provide more moral education. The controversial question is what is to be thaught, and how. Various groups use different words to signal thcir views regarding the underlying sources and appropriate remedies for the nation’s ethical malaise. Etzioni sketches some theories and techniques competing with one another to shape how schools are to take on moral education. He concludes that most schools cannot proceed very far in promoting values not shared by the community at large. Before the schools can effectively provide moral education, the surrounding society must care about morality and work to reform itself. All concerned have to get together to focus on the question: “How can our schools be restrucfured to make them sources of ethical experiences rather than, as they too often are, training grounds for cheating, intolerance, coping with bureaucratic or arbitrary authority?’

  124. [1977] Basic Characterological Needs and Changing Social Systems
    In: Gordon T. DiRenzo (ed.) [1977] We, the People: American Character and Social Change. Westport: Greenwood Press, pp. 273-284.

  125. [1977] The Family: Is It Obsolete?
    In: Journal of Current Social Issues, 14(1): 4-9. Winter 1977.

  126. [1977] The Role of Institutionalized Thinking
    In: Inter-Sectoral Educational Planning. Paris: OECD Organization for Economic Cooperational and Development, pp. 167-179.

  127. [1977/8] Societal Overload: Sources, Components, and Corrections
    In: Political Science Quarterly, 92(4): 607-631.. Winter 1977-78.

  128. [1978] News That is Both National and Local
    In: Columbia Journalism Review, 16(5): 42-43. January-February 1978.

  129. [1978] Individual Will and Social Conditions: Toward an Effective Health Maintenance Policy
    In: The Annals, AAPSS 437: 62-73. May 1978.

  130. [1978] From Zion to Diaspora
    In: Society, 15(4): 92-101. May-June 1978.

  131. [1978] Planning - An Historical and Intellectual Perspective
    In: Robert W. Burchell / George Sternlieb (eds.) [1978] Planning Theory in the 1980’s: A Search for Future Direction.New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, pp. 209-211.

  132. [1978] Toward a New Affirmation
    In: National Forum, 58(4): 37-42. Fall 1978.

  133. [1979] Genetic Engineering: Tinkering with Life?
    In: Hayrettin Kardestuncer (ed.) [1979] Social Consequences of Engineering. San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser Publishing Company, pp. 228-244.

  134. [1979] Hacia una Teoria Dirigista del Desarrollo
    In: Foro Internacional, 19(4): 523-539. April-June 1979.

  135. [1979] Sozialpsychologische Aspekte Internationaler Beziehungen
    In: Die Psychologie Des 20 Jahrhunderts. Zürich: Kinler Verlag, pp. 601-618.

  136. [1979] Work in the American Future: Reindustrialization or Quality of Life
    In: Clark Kerr / Jerome M. Rosow (eds.) [1979] Work in America: The Decade Ahead. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, pp. 27-34.
    Reprinted in part as “A.B.C.: Choose One”, J.C. Penney Forum, pp. 4-7. Spring/Summer 1980.

  137. [1979] Beyond Integration, Toward Guidability
    In: Philip M. Houser (ed.) [1979[ World Population and Development: Challenges and Prospects. New York: Syracuse University Press, pp. 538-565.

  138. [1983] Towards a Political Psychology of Economics
    In: Political Psychology, 4(1): 77-86.

  139. [1980] The Morality of School Experience
    In: Louis Rubin (ed.) [1980] Critical Issues in Educational Policy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, pp. 382-396.

  140. [1980] Choose We Must
    In: Carl A. Bramlette, Jr. / Michael H. Mescon (eds.) [1980] The Individual and the Future of Organizations. Georgia: Franklin Foundation Lecture Series, pp. 25-40.
    Reprinted in: Across the Board, 17(10): 42-49.October 1980.
    Published also as: “Social Progress vs. Economic Progress”, in: Social Policy, 10(5): 4-9. March-April 1981. In: Jacqueline Scherer (ed.) [1981], Sociology, 81/82. Guilford, Ct.: Dushkin Publ. Group, pp. 256-260.

  141. [1980] Productivity: The Human Factor
    In: John D. Hogan (ed.) [1980] Dimensions of Productivity Research. Houston, Texas: American Productivity Center, Vol. I, pp. 27-38.

  142. [1981] The Reindustrialization of America
    In: Journal of Public and International Affairs, pp. 1-21. Winter 1981.

  143. [1982] The Fight Against Fraud and Abuse: Analyzing Constituent Support
    In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2(1): 26-38. Fall 1982.

  144. [1983] A Top Management Computer
    In: Behavioral Science, 28: 1-3. January 1983.

  145. [1983] A Management Computer for the President
    In: Technology Review, 86(1): 38-45. January 1983.

  146. [1983] Reindustrialization of America
    In: Policy Studies Review, 2(4): 677-694. May 1983.

  147. [1983] The MITIzation of America?
    In: The Public Interest, 72: 44-51. Summer 1983. Published also in Paul Peretz (ed.) [1987] The Politics of American Economic Policy Making. Armonk, New York, pp. 108-113.

  148. [1983] Towards a Political Psychology of Economics
    In: Political Psychology, 4(1): 77-86. March 1983.

  149. [1983] The Reindustrialization of Vocational Education
    In: Howard F. Didsbury, Jr. (ed.) [1983] The World of Work: Careers and the Future. Bethesda, Maryland: World Future Society, pp. 209-218.

  150. [1983] A Creative Adaptation to a World of Rising Shortages
    In: John B. Calhoun (ed.) [1983] Environment and Population: Problems of Adaptation. New York: Praeger, pp. 260-264. July 1983.

  151. [1985] Making Policy for Complex Systems: A Medical Model for Economics
    In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 4(3): 383-395.
    Reprinted in: Ray C. Rist (ed.) [1985] Policy Studies Review Annual, Vol. 8, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.

  152. [1985] Encapsulated Competition
    In: Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 7(3): 287-302. Spring 1985.

  153. [1985] The American Way of Economic Development
    In: Orlando Fals Borda (ed.) [1985] The Challenge of Social Change. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, pp. 57-74.

  154. [1985] The Political Economy of Imperfect Competition
    In: Journal of Public Policy, 5(2): 169-186. May 1985.
    Powerful economic actors may use their power not only in the marketplace but also to achieve economic ends by influencing the direction of government actions. Economic actors command political power as well as economic power. Aside from distortions that government interventions causes in the market place, resources are wasted in competing ovcr who will gain the favors. According to Etzioni this competition adds nothing to the efficiency or productive capacity of the economy.

  155. [1985] Special Interest Groups Versus Constituency Representation
    In: Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, 8: 171-195.

  156. [1985] On Solving Social Problems — Inducements or Coercion?
    In: Challenge, 28(3): 35-40. July-August 1985.

  157. [1985] Socio-Economics: A New Department?
    In: Communicator, 18(9): 4. November 1985.

  158. [1986] Opening the Preferences
    In: Journal of Behavioral Economics, 14: 183-205. Winter 1985.

  159. [1986] Mixed Scanning Revisited
    In: Public Administration Review, 46(1): 8-14. January/February 1986.

  160. [1986] Rationality is Anti-Entropic
    In: Journal of Economic Psychology, 7: 17-36.

  161. [1986] A Better Way
    In: New Society, 75(1211): 466. March 1986.

  162. [1986] Tax Evasion and Perceptions of Tax Fairness: A Research Note
    In: The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 22(2): 177-185.

  163. [1986] Socio-Economics: A Proposal for a New Interdisciplinary Field
    In: Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 1(4): 475-482.

  164. [1986] The Case for a Multiple-Utility Conception
    In: Economics and Philosophy, 2(2): 159-183. October 1986.
    Etzioni criticizes the monoutility conception of the neoclassical economists in which utility is reduced to rational utility maximization. He argues that individuals pursue at least two irreducible sources of value or utility: pleasure and morality.

  165. [1986] I and We: The Case for the Open Community
    In: The National Social Conscience Conference Proceedings, The Peter E. Heller Program for Analysis of Social Policy Issues, November 21-22, 1985, Heller School, Brandeis University. October 1986.

  166. [1986] Does Regulation Reduce Electricity Rates? A Research Note
    In: Policy Sciences, 19: 349-357.

  167. [1987] Toward a Kantian Socio-Economics
    In: Review of Social Economy, 45(1): 37-47. April 1987.

  168. [1987] The Responsive Community (I & We)
    In: The American Sociologist, 18(2): 146-157. Summer 1987.
    Published also as: “I & We: The Case for the Responsive Community”, in: Social Justice Research, June 1988, 2(2): 88-94.

  169. [1987] Corporations on the Government Gravy Train
    In: Business and Society Review, 62: 4-10. Summer 1987.

  170. [1987] How Rational We?
    In: Sociological Forum, 2(1): 1-20. Winter 1987.

  171. [1987] Nine Ways for Coping With Future Angst: What I Learned
    In: Michael Marien / Lane Jennings (eds.) [1987] What I Have Learned: Thinking about the Future Then and Now. New York: Greenwood Press, pp.101-106.

  172. [1987] Entrepreneurship, Adaptation and Legitimation: A Macro-behavioral Perspective
    In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 8: 175-189.

  173. [1987] U.S. Technological, Economic, and Social Development for the 21st Century
    In: Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, 4: 241-270.

  174. [1987] Compliance, Goals, and Effectiveness
    In: Jay M. Shafritz / J. Steven Ott, (eds.) [1987] Classics of Organization Theory, (2nd ed.), Chicago: The Dorsey Press, pp. 177-187.

  175. [1988] The Responsive Community
    In: Roderick F. French (ed.) [1988] An Individual Institution in a Free Society, The George Washington University, Washington DC, pp. 82-94.

  176. [1988] Normative-Affective Factors: Toward a New Decisionmaking Model
    In: Journal of Economic Psychology, 9: 125-150.
    Also published: “Normative-Affective Factors: Toward a New Decision-Making Model”, Decision Making. Alternatives to ational Choice Models, Mary Zey (ed.) [1992], Sage Publications, CA, pp. 89-111. Also in: Quarterly Applied Industrial Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Charles University, Prague. Vol. 1991/4.

  177. [1988] Seek High Growth, Not Deficit Reduction
    In: Business in the Contemporary World, 1(1): 37-46. October, 1988.

  178. [1988] Toward a New Paradigm
    In: Paul J. Albanese (ed.) [1988] Psychological Foundations of Economic Behavior, Praeger: New York, pp. 165-172.

  179. [1989] Status-Separation and Status-Fusion: The Role of PAC’s in Contemporary American Democracy
    In: Research in Political Sociology, 4: 145-165.
    Also published in: Margaret / Richard G. Braungart (eds.) [1990] Political Sociology of the State. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, pp. 67-87. December 1990.

  180. [1989] When Rights Collide
    In: Rise Axelrod / Charles Cooper, (eds.) [1989] Reading hCritically, Writing Well, (2th. ed.). New York: St. Martin’s Press.

  181. [1989] The ‘Me First’ Model in the Social Sciences Is Too Narrow
    In: The Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A44.February 1, 1989. Also published: General course offering Central Methodist College, Fayette, MO, 1993.

  182. [1989] Choosing Social Science Paradigms, Merging Disciplines
    In: National Forum, pp. 12-14. Spring 1989.

  183. [1989] Toward Deontological Social Sciences
    In: Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 19(3): 145-156. June 1989.

  184. [1989] Label ’Em Hazardous: Economic Forecasters Are In Deep Voodoo
    In: Washington Journalism Review, 11(5): 39-41. June 1989.
    Also published in: Futures Research Quarterly, 7(1): 31-35. Spring 1991.

  185. [1989] Choosing Social Science Paradigms, Merging Disciplines
    In: National Forum, 12-14. Spring 1989.

  186. [1989] Humble Decision Making
    In: Harvard Business Review, 4: 122-126. July-August 1989.

  187. [1989] A Matter of Goals: High Growth — Or Deficit Reduction?
    In: Journal of Accounting, Auditing & Finance, 4(4): 555-570. Fall 1989.

  188. [1990] New Hopes, Old Habits
    In: The National Interest, 19: 95-102. Spring 1990.

  189. [1990] Liberals and Communitarians
    In: Partisan Review, 57(2): 215-227. Spring 1990.
    Communitarians charge liberal philosophers with an excessive focus on individual rights and with neglect of obligations to the communityh, to shared virtues and common purposes. While liberals evince a measure of commitment to a moderate vision of community, they contend that communitarians provide an insufficient basis for individual rights. Communitarians, in turn, indiretly acknowledge the need to ensure these rights in order to avoid collectivism. Out of these charges and countercharges, a synthesis begins to suggest itself.

  190. [1990] Is Corporate Crime Worth The Time?
    In: Business and Society Review, 73: 32-35. Spring, 1990.

  191. [1990] Pour une Science Sociale Deontologique.
    In: La revue de MAUSS (Mouvement Anti-Utilitariste dans les Sciences Sociales), La Socio-Economie Une Nouvelle Discipline? (Third Trimester, 1990), pp. 14-32.

  192. [1990] Policy Implications of Socio-Economics
    In: Policy Studies Review, 9(3): 445-454. Spring 1990.

  193. [1991] Policy Implications of Socioeconomics
    In: Stanely Kaish / Benjamin Gilad (series eds.) Handbook of Behavioral Economics. Volume 2A: Roger Frantz / Harinder Singh / James Gerber (volume eds.) [1991] Greenwich, CT.: JAI Press Inc., pp. 5-18.

  194. [1991] Socio-Economics Revisited
    In: Sociological Inquiry, 61(1): 68-73.
    Talcott Parsons wrote an important and still relevant contribution to the critique of the utilitarian, rationalist, radically individualist paradigm which still dominates scholarship, especially economics, today. Parsons advised economists to stop ignoring the broader societal context of which the economy is only a sub-system; economic actors are not impersonal, fully independent individuals but should be viewed as people with internalized moral and social values, values which cannot be accounted for as mere external, environmental constraints. Parsons, however, paid little attention to the role of power in the market. Socio-economics treats the leverage of ‘interventionist power’ (large corporations and labor unions) as significant, and seeks to grow as a coherent alternative to the neoclassical paradigm.

  195. [1991] The Good Polity. Can We Design It?
    In: American Behavioral Scientist, 34(5): pp. 549-562. May/June 1991.

  196. [1991] The Socio-Economics of Property
    In: Floyd. W. Rudmin (ed.) [1991] To Have Possesions, A Handbook on Ownership and Property. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6(6): 465-468.

  197. [1991] Health Care Rationing: A Critical Evaluation
    In: Health Affairs, 10(2): 88-95. Summer 1991.

  198. [1991] Beyond Self-Interest
    In: David L. Weimer (ed.) [1991] Policy Analysis and Economics, Developments, Tensions, Prospects. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 65-84.

  199. [1991] Reflections on Teaching Business Ethics
    In: Business Ethics Quarterly, 1(4): 355-365. October 1991.

  200. [1991] The socioeconomic view of redevelopment
    In: Review of Political Economy, 3(4): 373-392.

  201. [1991] Beyond ‘Political Correctness’, Left or Right
    In: Symposium on Transcending Ideological Conformity, New Oxford Review, 13-14. October 1991.

  202. [1991] Contemporary Liberals, Communitarians, and Individual Choices
    In: Amitai Etzioni / Paul R. Lawrence (eds.) [1991] Socio-Economics — Toward a New Synthesis. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., pp. 59-73.

  203. [1991] Socio-Economics: The Next Steps
    In: Amitai Etzioni / Paul R. Lawrence (eds.) [1991] Socio-Economics — Toward a New Synthesis. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., pp. 347-352.
    Socio-economics has rapidly advanced many of the elements that are necessary for a grand-scale paradigm shift to occur. Now, to complete the ransformation Etzioni argues that educational practices and job structures must be modified. A change in paradigms is not merely an intellectual and social-philosophical matter, paradigms have infrastructures that affect their dynamics.

  204. [1991] Ethics, Development and the Need for a New ‘Paradigm’
    In: Journal of Regional Policy, 3-4. Istituto per lo Sviluppo Economico dell’Italia Meridionale, Naples, Italy. 11: 587-599. July/December 1991.

  205. [1992] Corporate Behavior: Fewer Flaws Mean Fewer Laws
    In: Business and Society Review, 81: 13-17. Spring 1992.

  206. [1992] On the Place of Virtues in a Pluralistic Democracy
    In: Larry Diamond / Gary Marks (eds.) [1992] Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset. Sage Publications. July 1, 1992. Also published in: American Behavioral Scientist, 35(4-5): 530-540. March-June 1992.

  207. [1992] Socio-Economics: Select policy implications
    In: Stephen E.G.Lea / Paul Webley / Brian M. Young (eds.) [1992] New Directions in Economic Psychology. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., pp. 13-27.

  208. [1992] How is Russia Bearing Up?
    In: Challenge, pp. 40-43. May-June 1992. Also published: “Socio-Economics and the Former Soviet Union”, Guest Opinion, Washington Economic Reports, United States Information Agency, 42: 7.

  209. [1992] The I & We paradigm
    In: Paul Ekins / Manfred Max-Neef (eds.) [1992] Real-life Economics — Understanding Wealth Creation, London / New York: Routledge, pp.48-53.

  210. [1992] Virtues and Constitutional Democracy
    In: Kettering Review, pp. 31-37. Summer 1992.

  211. [1992] Teledemocracy
    In: The Atlantic, 270(4): 36-39. October 1992.
    Most Americans feel alienated from national politics as currently practiced, and there is a need to find ways to reinvolve them. Simply changing the cast of characters may not do the trick. Public-opinion polls show a deep sense of disaffection that reaches well beyond the candidates themselves.There are long-established precedents for the idea of adding some elements of direct democracy to our representative government (such a referenda). Etzioni argues that electronic town meetings, though hardly a cure for all the ills of our democracy, could be arranged in ways that would avoid several of the pitfalls against which critics correctly warn.

  212. [1992] The Evils of Self-Determination
    In: Foreign Policy, 89: 21-35. Winter 1992-93.
    Reprinted in: Moresh, 2(2): 43-49. October 1993.
    Reprinted in: The Annals of the International Institute of Sociology, 4: 163-176. 1994.

  213. [1993] The U.S. Sentencing Commission on Corporate Crime: A Critique
    In: Annals, American Academy of Political and Social Science, 525: 147-156. January 1993.

  214. [1993] A Socio-Economic Perspective on Friction
    In: Sven-Erik Sjostrand (ed.) [1993] Institutional Change, Theory and Empirical Findings. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Also published in: Futures Research Quarterly, 9(2): 5-22. Summer 1993.

  215. [1993] Virtues in a Democracy
    In: Oliver F. Williams / John W. Houck (eds.) [1993] Catholic Social Thought and the New World Order. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 285-297.

  216. [1993] Managers in the Moral Dimension: What Etzioni Might Mean to Corporate Managers
    In: Business Ethics Quarterly, 169-170. August 1993.

  217. [1994] Restoring our Moral Voice
    In: The Public Interest, 116:107-113. Summer 1994. Also published: “On Restoring the Moral Voice, Virtue and Community Pressure’, in: Current, 9-11. September 1994.

  218. [1995] Communitarian Solutions/What Communitarians Think
    In: The Journal of State Government, 65(1): 9-11.
    Etzioni argues that the essence of the communitarian position is that strong rights entail strong responsabilities. We have a sound base of rights, but have not matched our concern with the preservation of rights with a commitment to live up to our personal and social responsibilities.

  219. [1995] Too Many Rights, Too Few Responsibilities
    In: Michael Walzer (ed.) [1995] Toward A Global Civil Society. Providence, RI: Berghahn Books, pp. 99-105.

  220. [1995] The Socio-Economics of Work
    In: Frederick C. Gamst (Ed.) [1995] Meanings of Work, Considerations for the Twenty-First Century. Albany: SUNY Press, pp. 251-260.
    Socio-economics is a discipline that proceeds along three major axes. (i) Instead of assuming that people are maximizing one over-arching utility, their satisfaction, it is assumed that they respond to two or more irreducible sources of valuation: their satisfaction and their moral values. (ii) Instead of assuming that people choose their means rationally, it is assumed that much of their decision making is affected by emotions and values, and that their ability to deliberate and process information (to act rationally) is rather limited. (iii) Instead of assuming that the individual is the center of the social universe, it assumes individuals act as members of groups and hence many variations in their behavior are to be explained on the collective level.
    Most neoclassical economist view work as ‘labor’ (sheer drudgery, without intrincis rewards). “Socio-economics assumes that much work, albeit not all, contains an important (though varying) amount of intrinsic rewards.” People work for a variety of motives. From a humanitarian viewpoint it is unproductive, costly and unappealing to treat all people in all jobs as if they are laborers rather than workers.

  221. [1995] Rethinking Peacekeeping, Beyond Intervention to Mediation
    In: The Washington Quarterly, 18(3): 75-87. Summer1995.

  222. [1995] A Moderate Communitarian Proposal
    In: Sociological Imagination, 32(2): 67-78. Summer 1995.

  223. [1995] Die verantwortungsbewußte Gesellschaft — Zur Rolle gemeinsamaer Werte für das Gleichgewicht zwischen Individuum und Gesellschaft
    In: Warnfried Dettling (ed.) [1995] Die Zukunft denken, International Symposium, 42-49. October 23, 1995.

  224. [1996] The Responsive Community: A Communitarian Perspective,
    Presidential Address delivered at the Association’s 1995 Annual Meeting in Washington, DC.
    In: American Sociological Review, 61(1):1-11. February 1996.

  225. [1996] The Community of Communities
    In: The Washington Quarterly, 19(3): 127-138. Summer 1996.
    Communities are constitutive elements of a more encompassing community of communities, a society of which they are parts. They have a firm commitment to the shared framework. According to Etzionie there are two major dangers against which the vision of a community of communities seeks to guard: (i) the danger of tribal warfare, and (ii) the danger of cultural impoverishment and rebellion against an obsolescent and imposed creed or canon.

  226. [1996] Positive Aspects of Community and the Dangers of Fragmentation
    In: Development and Change, 27(2): 301-314. April 1996.
    Also published in: Cynthia Hewitt de Alcantata (ed.) [1996] Social Futures, Global Visions. Oxford: UNRISD, Blackwell Publishers, pp. 89-101.

  227. [1996] A Moderate Communitarian Proposal
    In: Political Theory, 24(2): 155-171. May 1996.

  228. [1996] Der moralische Dialog — Ein kommunitaristischer Blick auf die Demokratie
    In: Werner Weidenfeld (ed.) [1996] Demokratie am Wendepunkt: Die demokratische Frage als Projekt des 21. Jahrhunderts. Siedler Verlag: Bertelsmann Stiftung, pp. 218-229.

  229. [1996] How Americans Can Contribute to the Common Good
    In: Dermot Whittaker (ed.) [1996] Fundamental Sources of Morality in American Politics, The Long Term View, 3(3): 78-81. Andover, MA: Massachusetts School of Law. Fall 1996.

  230. [1997] Civic Repentance: Just and Effective
    Introduction to: Amitai Etzioni / David Carney (eds.) [1997] Repentance: A Comparative Perspective, pp. 1-20.
    Repentance is a prominent idea in religions ranging from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam to Buddhism and Hinduism. But there is no consensus about what someone who has violated society’s rules must do in order to be fully restored to the community. For example, is remorse the same as repentance? Who deserves a second chance? “We condemn people who violate our values; we drive politicians out of public office; we send those who offend our sensibilities into the social isolation of Coventry; we incarcerate criminals. Yet even after these offenders have paid their dues to society in full, there are still no established social processes through which they can be restored to full and legitimate membership in the community.”

  231. [1997] The End of Cross-Cultural Relativism
    In: Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 22(2): 177-189. April-June 1997.

  232. [1997] New Issues: Rethinking Race
    In: The Public Perspective, 8(4): 39-40. June/July 1997.

  233. [1997] Deliberations, Culture Wars, and Moral Dialogues
    In: The Good Society, A PEGS Journal, 7(1): 34-38. Winter 1997.
    Communitarians argue that democratic societies require a core of shared values. If democracy is merely a procedure that allows individuals who have different ultimate normative commitments to work out shared policies, then that polity will lack in legitimacy. According to Etzioni reasoned deliberations are not sufficient if a community seeks to collectively formulate shared values. He explores the additional processes that are needed: moral dialogues.

  234. [1997] Ein Kommunitaristischer Ansatz gegenüber dem Sozialstaat
    In: Theorie und Prazis der sozialen Arbeit, 2: 25-31.

  235. [1997] Cross-Cultural Judgements: The Next Steps
    In: Journal of Social Philosophy, 28(3): 5-15. Winter 1997.

  236. [1998] HIV Testing of Infants: Privacy and Public Health
    In: Health Affairs, 17(4): 170-183. July/August 1998.

  237. [1998] Die Verantwortungsgesellschaft
    In: Conturen: Das Magazin Zur Zeit, (2/98): 14-25.

  238. [1998] Moral Dialogues: A Communitarian Core Element
    In: Anita L. Allen / Milton C. Regan, Jr. (eds.) [1998] Debating Democracy’s Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 183-192.

  239. [1998] A Communitarian Note on Stakeholder Theory
    In: Business Ethics Quarterly, 8(4): 679-691. October 1998.

  240. [1998] Voluntary Simplicity: Characterization, select psychological implications, and societal consequences
    In: Journal of Economic Psychology,19: 619-643.

  241. [1999] The Good Society
    In: The Journal of Political Philosophy, 7(1): 88-103. March 1999.

  242. [1999] Medical Records: Enhancing Privacy, Preserving the Common Good
    In: The Hastings Center Report, 29(2): 14-23. March-April 1999.
    Personal medical information is now bought and sold on the open market. Companies use it to make hiring and firing decisions and to identify customers for new products. The justification for providing such access to medical information is that doing so benefits the public by securing public safety, controlling costs, and supporting medical research. But the privacy of medical records, which contain highly intimate informatie that people legitimately are keen to keep from others, often is violated. The notion that one’s personal medical information could be obtained by others not involved in the person’s care and not authorized to receive it, and used to harm the person, is frightening.

  243. [1999] Less Privacy is Good for Us (And You)
    In: Privacy Journal, pp. 3-5. April 1999.
    Etzioni argues that we have to treat privacy for what it is: one very important right, but not one that trumps most other considerations, especially of public safety and health. For instance, as biometrics catches on, it will practically strip all citizens of anonymity, an important part of privacy. But while biometrics clearly undermines privacy, the social benefits it promises are very substantial.

  244. [1999] Communitarian Elements in Select Works of Martin Buber
    In: The Journal of Value Inquiry, 33: 151-169. July 1999.

  245. [1999] The Monochrome Society
    In: The Public Interest, 137: 42-55. Fall 1999.

  246. [1999] A Contemporary Conception of Privacy
    In: Telecommunications and Space Journal, 6: 81-114.
    “Good societies carefully balance individual rights and social responsibilities, autonomy and the common good, privacy and concerns for public safety and public health, rather than allow one value or principle, to dominate.”

  247. [1999] Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Communities — A Comparative Analysis - with Oren Etzioni
    In: The Information Society, 15(4): 241-248.
    The authors address an oft-asked question: Can virtual communities be real, have the same basic qualities as face-to-face communities? Community is defined as a nonresidential social entity with two attributes: (i) a web of affect-laten relationships that crisscross and reinforce one another, rather than simply a chain of one-on-onerelationships (bonding), and (ii) a measure of commitment to a set of shared values, mores, meanings, and a shared historical identity (culture).

  248. [2000] Creating good communities and good societies
    In: Contemporary Sociology, 29(1): 188-195. January 2000.

  249. [2000] Toward a Theory of Public Ritual
    In: Sociological Theory, 18(1): 40-59. March 2000.

  250. [2000] Moral Dialogues in Public Debates
    In: The Public Perspective, 11(2): 27-30. March/April 2000.

  251. [2000] Law in Civil Society, Good Society, and the Prescriptive State
    In: Chicago Kent Law Review, 75(2): 355-377.

  252. [2000] Debating the Societal Effects of the Internet: Connecting with the World
    In: Public Perspective, 11(3): 42-43. May/June 2000.

  253. [2000] The New Enemy of Privacy: Big Bucks
    In: Challenge, 43(3): 91-106. May-June 2000.
    Etzioni argues that once we were threatened by public intrusion on our privacy, but now it is the intrusion of private business that threatens our privacy. &lqquo;Currently the main danger to privacy for people who live in free democratic societies comes from the private sector, not the government; Big Bucks, not Big Brother.”

  254. [2000] Social Norms: Internalization, Persuasion, and History
    In: Law & Society Review, 34(1): 157-178.

  255. [2000] Communitarianism.
    In:Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2nd Ed., Vol 1, pp. 355-362.

  256. [2000] A Communitarian Perspective on Privacy
    In: Connecticut Law Review, 32(3): 897-905. Spring 2000.

  257. [2000] Der Dritte Weg — Zwischen Staat und Markt: Zur Theorie der Zivilgesellschaft
    In: Theorie und Praxis der Sozialen Arbeit, 51(11): 403-409.

  258. [2001] The Monochrome Society
    In: Policy Review, 105: 53-70. February & March 2001.

  259. [2001] Humble Decision Making
    In: Harvard Business Review on Decision Making. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 45-57.
    Rational decision making, once the ideal, requires comprehensive knowledge of every facet of a problem, which is clearly impossible today. Rational decision making doesn’t meet the needs of a world with too much information and too little time. A new model is evolving that proceeds with partial information and adapts to new information as it becomes available. It also helps us achieve broad goals and purposes. It’s called mixed scanning or adaptive (or humble) decision making.

  260. [2001] Suffer the Children
    In: The Good Society: A PEGS Journal, 10(1): 67-71.

  261. [2001] On Ending Nationalism
    In: International Politics and Society, 2: 144-153.

  262. [2001] For a Soft Moral Culture
    In: The Kettering Review, 19(2): 37-46. Spring 2001.

  263. [2001] Is Bowling Together Sociologically Lite?
    In: Contemporary Sociology, 30(3): 223-224. May 2001.

  264. [2001] Communitarianism
    In: The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World. Oxford University Press: UK, p. 158.

  265. [2001] The Third Way to a Good Society
    In: Sociale wetenschappen, 44(3): 5.

  266. [2001] Beyond Transnational Governance
    In: International Journal, 56(4): 595-610. Autumn 2001.

  267. [2001] On Social and Moral Revival
    In: The Journal of Political Philosophy, 9(3): 356-371. September 2001.

  268. [2002] A Communitarian Position on Character Education
    In: William Damon (ed.) [2002] Bringing in a New Era in Character Education. Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University.

  269. [2002] Individualism — Within History
    In: The Hedgehog Review, 4(1): 49-56. Spring 2002.

  270. [2002] Die Entdeckung des Gemeinwesens im Kultur-und Sozialbereich. Effektivitätsvorteile von Non-profit OrganisationenIn: Norbert Kersting / Karin Brahms / Cerstin Gerecht / Kerstin Weinbach (eds.) [2002] Ehre oder Amt? Qualifizierung bürgerschaftlichen Engagements im Kulturbereich, pp.61-75.

  271. [2002] Implications of Select New Technologies For Individual Rights and Public Safety
    In: The Harvard Journal of Law & Technology. 15(2): 258-290. Spring 2002.

  272. [2002] Throw book at terrorists who hide as civilians
    In: USA Today, July 2, 2002.

  273. [2002] Opening Islam
    In: Society. 39(5): 29-35. July/August 2002.

  274. [2002] The Good Society
    In: Seattle Journal of Social Justice, 1(1): 83-96. Spring/Summer 2002.

  275. [2002] Implications of the American Anti-Terrorism Coalition for Global Architectures
    In: European Journal of Political Theory. 1(1): 9-30. July 2002.

  276. [2002] Towards a Socio-Economic Paradigm
    In: J. Rogers Hollingsworth / Karl H. Muller / Ellen Jane Hollingsworth (eds.) [2002] Advancing Socio-Economics: An Institutionalist Perspective. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., pp. 37-49.

  277. [2002] Public Health Law: A Communitarian Perspective
    In: Health Affairs: Perspective, 21(6): 102-104. November/December 2002.

  278. [2002] Are Particularistic Obligations Justified?
    In: The Review of Politics, 64(4): 573-598. Fall 2002.

  279. [2002/3] On Self-Evident Truths
    In: Symposium: After Relativism, What? Academic Questions, 16(1): 11-15. Winter 2002/2003.

  280. [2003] Organ Donation: A Communitarian Approach
    In: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 13(1): 1-18. March 2003.

  281. [2003] Toward a New Socio-Economic Paradigm
    In: Socio-Economic Review, 1(1): 105-118.
    Human nature is conflicted between these two principles or superutilities: the pleasure principle and our moral obligations. Much of what we do reflects this inevitable tension between things we would like to do and things we ought to do. And Etzioni demonstrates that this generalization is supported by many empirical observation. “People have a strong moral commitment, a powerful factor which outweighs the pain they have to endure” /13/. Etzioni illustrates that there is a continual conflict and tension between self-interest and the pleasure principle on one hand, and powerful moral commitments on the other. The starting hypothesis of socio-economists is that people are conflicted. This is the first of six sets of core principles for a socio-economic paradigm.

  282. [2003] Diversity within Unity
    In: Howard F. Didsbury, Jr. (ed.) [2003] 21st Century Opportunities and Challenges: An Age of Destruction or An Age or Transformation. Bethesda, Maryland: World Future Society, pp. 316-323. Also published: “Vielfalt in der Einheit” (Diversity within Unity), in: Zeitschrift fur Glaubensformen und Weltanschauungen (Journal for the Study of Beliefs and Worldviews), 3(2): 207-234.

  283. [2003] A sociologist in the real west wing
    In: Contexts, 2(4): 70-71. Fall 2003.

  284. [2003] Are Virtual and Democratic Communities Feasible?
    In: Henry Jenkins / David Thorburn (eds.) [2003] Democracy and New Media. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, pp. 85-100.
    Can communities and democracy thrive in cyberspace? Etzioni argues that the virtual democracy is quite feasible. But it remains to be discussed whether or not greater reliance on virtual politics would make the joint on and offline polity more or less democratic than it currently is.

  285. [2003] How Liberty is Lost
    In: Symposium: Fallacies in Democracy Society, 40(5): 44-51. July/August 2003.

  286. [2003] Communitarianism
    In: Karen Christensen / David Levinson (eds.) 2003] Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World, Vol 1, A-D. Sage Publications, pp. 224-228.

  287. [2003] Mosque and State in Iraq
    In: Policy Review, 121: 65-73. October/November 2003.
    Also published: “The Taliban Theocracy: Changing Iraq”, in Current, 459: 28-32. January 2004; “Iraq: dall’islam soft arriva la democrazia”, in: Vita e Pensiero, pp. 22-28. March/April, 2004; Religion - Staat - Gesellschaft, 7: 9-17. 2006.

  288. [2003] What is Political?
    In: Armin Nassehi / Markus Schroer (eds.) [2003] Der Begriff des Politischen, in: Soziale Welt, Sonderband 14. Abstract published in CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, 2006.

  289. [2004] Assimilation to the American Creed
    In: Tamar Jacoby (ed.) [2004] Reinventing the Melting Pot: The New Immigrants and What it Means to be American. New York: Basic Books, pp. 211-220.

  290. [2004] On Protecting Children from Speech
    In: Amitai Etzioni (ed.) [2004] Symposium: Do Children Have the Same First Amendment Rights as Adults? Chicago-Kent Law Review, 79(1): 3-53.
    When freedom of speech comes into conflict with the protection of children, how should this conflict be resolved? What principles should guide such deliberations? Can one rely on parents and educators (and more generally on voluntary means) to protect children from harmful cultural materials (such as Internet pornography and violent movies) or is government intervention necessary?

  291. [2004] Response
    In: Amitai Etzioni (ed.) [2004] Symposium: Do Children Have the Same First Amendment Rights as Adults? Chicago-Kent Law Review, 79(1): 299-313.

  292. [2004] Wie eine gute globale Gesellschaft entsteht
    In: Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, 2: 12-30.

  293. [2004] The Emerging Global Normative Synthesis
    In: Symposium: Toward International Consensus Journal of Political Philosophy, 12(2): 214-244. June 2004.

  294. [2004] On Virtual, Democratic Communities
    In: Andrew Feenberg / Darin Barney (eds.) [2004] Community in the Digital Age: Philosophy and Practice. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., pp. 225-238.

  295. [2004] It’s Not Just a Driver’s License Anymore
    In: The National Association of Court Security Officers, 1(1): 16-19. July 2004.

  296. [2004] A Communitarian Position for Civil Unions
    In: Mary Lyndon Shanley (ed.) [2004] Just Marriage. Oxford University Press, pp. 63-66.

  297. [2004] DNA Tests and Databases in Criminal Justice: Individual Rights and the Common Good
    In: David Lazer (ed.) [2004] DNA and the Criminal Justice System: The Technology of Justice. MIT Press, pp. 197-223.

  298. [2004] The Post Affluent Society
    In: Review of Social Economy, 62(3): 407-420. September, 2004.

  299. [2004] Europe, A Beautiful Idea
    Text of presentation by Etzioni at September 7th conference at the Hague.
    Europe is for Etzioni a beautiful idea: “I salute the new Europe as a model to the world from the bottom of my heart”. There never was in the history of the world another group of nations that have come together first and foremost to swear off war, to create the conditions under which nations that devastated each other for generations — will become members of one community. Europe now is the continent most deeply committed to human rights and a democratic form of government. It sets a model to the world by spending little on armament and much on social services to its people, and, by opposing armed interventions in the lives of others, urging peaceful solutions in other parts of the world. Communities-are not merely places in which people share bonds of affection and affinity, in which they merely care for one another. Communities are also social entities that share a moral culture, a shared set of core values, a social space in which people have not only rights which must be respected but also responsibilities to one another and to the common good.

  300. [2004] Limits of Privacy
    In: Andrew I. Cohen / Christopher Heath Wellman [2004] Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 253-262. November 2004.

  301. [2004] On the Need For More Transnational Capacity
    In: Florida Law Review, 56(5): 921-932. December 2004.

  302. [2004] The Capabilities and Limits of the Global Civil Society
    In: Millennium, Journal of International Studies, 33(2): 341-353. December 2004.

  303. [2004] The Foundations of Socioeconomics and Its Relation to the Law
    In: Margaret Oppenheimer / Micholas Mercuro (ed.) [2004] Law and Economics: Alternative Economic Approaches to Legal and Regulatory Issues. Routlegde, pp. 15-23. December 15, 2004.

  304. [2004/5] Enforcing Nuclear Disarmament
    In: The National Interest Journal, 78: 81-89. Winter 2004/5.
    Also published in Italian as: “Una strategia per vincere il terrorismo nucleare.” Vita e Pensiero, pp. 20-28. March 2005.

  305. [2005] Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty is obsolete
    In: The National Law Journal. April 25, 2005.

  306. [2005] Transnational Moral Dialogues
    In: Akbar Ahmed / Brian Forst (ed.) [2005] After Terror: Promoting Dialogue Among Civilizations. Polity Press, pp. 79-84. March 2005.

  307. [2005] Cross Cultural Judgements: The Next Steps
    In: Peter A. French and Jason A. Short (ed.) [2005] War and Border Crossings: Ethics When Cultures Clash. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., pp. 107-119.

  308. [2005] Oversight is Crucial
    In: The National Law Journal. June 20, 2005.

  309. [2005] Beyond a Civil Society: a Good Society
    Published in German as: Johannes Berger (ed.) [2005] “Mehr als eine Zivilgesellschaft: eine gute Gesellschaft”) Zerreißt das soziale Band: Beiträge zu einer aktuellen geseschaftspolitischen Debatte. Campus Verlag, pp. 27-51

  310. [2005] A Communitarian Perspective on Sex and Sexuality - with Mackenzie Baris
    In: International Review of Sociology, 15(2): 215-241.

  311. [2005] Response
    In: American Behavioral Scientist, 48(12): 1657-1665. Sage Publications, August 2005.

  312. [2005] Bookmarks for Public Sociologists
    In: The British Journal of Sociology, 56(3): 373-378. September 2005.

  313. [2005] ‘KELO V. NEW LONDON’ — States to the Rescue
    In: The National Law Journal. September 19, 2005.

  314. [2005] Genocide Prevention in the New Global Architecture
    In: British Journal of Politics and International Relations. 7: 469-484.
    Can the evolving post-9/11 new global architecture accommodate more effective humanitarian interventions than we have seen in the past? And, in what ways would these future humanitarian interventions differ from past ones? Etzioni explores short and long-term developments in the role legitimacy plays in international relations.

  315. [2005] Affective Bonds and Moral Norms: A Communitarian Approach to the Emerging Global Society
    In: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (ed.) [2005] International Politics and Society. Verlag J.H.W. Dietz Nachfolger, pp. 127- 143.

  316. [2005] Response to Simon Prideaux’s “From Organisational Theory to the New Communitarianism of Amitai Etzioni”
    In: The Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie, 30(3): 215-217. Spring 2005.

  317. [2005] Commentary on a Communitarian Approach to International Relations - with Derek Mitchell
    In: The Good Society, 14(3): 22-23.
    We are moving slowly, haltingly, two steps forward one black toward a global community that has an increasingly important set of shared values, norms and institutions. But we are not moving from a world composed of states to one global state. Nations will continue to play an important role in the evolving global community. However, nations will increasingly become parts of a more encompassing whole; they will share sovereignty and loyalties with higher level, supranational entities (the EU is the greatest experiment in this). The central question is “whether the global state will evolve along similar lines to those of the nation state”.

  318. [2005] No State Intrustions
    In: The National Law Journal. November 28, 2005.

  319. [2005] The Fair Society
    In: Norton Garfinkle / Daniel Yankelovich (ed.) [2005] Uniting America: Restoring the Vital Center to American Democracy. Yale University Press, pp. 211-223.

  320. [2006] Bad Lawyering
    In: The National Law Journal. January 2, 2006.

  321. [2006] Religion and the State: Why Moderate Religious Teaching Should Be Promoted
    In: Harvard International Review, pp.14-17. March 7, 2006.

  322. [2006] Should the United States Support Religious Education in the Islamic World?
    In: Journal of Church and State. Spring 2006, pp. 279-281.

  323. [2006] Leaving Race Behind: Our growing Hispanic population creates a golden opponunity
    In: The American Scholar, 75(2): 20-30. Spring 2006.
    One of the great virtues of America is that it defines individuals by where they are going rather than by where they have been. Achievement matters, not origin. The national ideal says that all Americans should be able to compete as equals, whatever their background. American society has been divided along racial lines since its earliest days. Racial characterizations have trumped the achievement ideal; people born into a non-white race, whatever their accomplishments, have been unable to change their racial status. Worse, race has often been their most defining characteristic, affecting most, if not all, aspects of their being. On the one hand, we continue to dream of the day when all Americans will be treated equally, whatever their race; we rail against those who discriminate according to race in hiring, housing, and social life. At the same time, we have ensconced in law many claims based on race: requirements that a given proportion of public subsidies, loans, job training, educational assistance, and admission slots at choice colleges be set aside for people of color. People have grown accustomed to thinking about America in black and white. Hispanics complicate this simplistic scheme: they do not fit into the old racial categories. Some Hispanics appear to many Americans to be black, others as white, and the appearance of still others is hard for many people to pigeonhole.

  324. [2006] A Communitarian Approach: A Viewpoint on the Study of the Legal, Ethical and Policy Considerations Raised by DNA Tests and Databases
    in: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. Summer 2006, pp. 214-221.

  325. [2006] HIV Sufferers Have a Responsibility
    In: Patricia Illingworth / Wendy E. Parmet (ed.) [2006] Ethical Health Care. Pearson Prentice Hall, pp. 140-142.

  326. [2006] HIV Testing of Infants: Privacy and Public Health
    In: Patricia Illingworth / Wendy E. Parmet (ed.) [2006] Ethical Health Care. Pearson Prentice Hall, pp. 234-244.

  327. [2006] The Unique Methodology of Policy Research
    In: Michael Moran / Martin Rein / Robert E. Goodin (eds.) [2006] The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy. Oxford University Press, pp. 833-843.

  328. [2006] Self-Evident Truth (Beyond Relativism)
    In: Don Browning (ed.) [2006] Universalism vs. Relativism: Making moral judgements in a changing, pluralistic, and threatening world. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., pp. 19-32.

  329. [2006] Communitarianism
    In: Bryan S. Turner (eds.) [2006] The Cambridge Dictionary of Socioloy. Cambridge University Press, pp. 81-83.

  330. [2006] The Global Importance of Illiberal Moderates
    In: Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 19(3): 369-385. September 2006.

  331. [2006] Foreword: Civic Service Ananlysis Has Come of Age
    In: Amanda Moore McBride / Michael Sherraden (eds.) [2006] Civic Service Worldwide: Impacts and Inquiry. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., pp. ix-xiii.

  332. [2007] Reconstruction: An Agenda
    In: Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 1(1): 27-45. March 2007.

  333. [2007] Corporate Crime
    In: Henry Pontell / Gilbert Geis (ed.) [2007] International Handbook of White-Collar Corporate Crime. New York, NYL Springer, pp.187-199.

  334. [2007] Community Deficit
    In: Journal of Common Market Studies, 45(1): 23-42.

  335. [2007] Foreword
    In: Detlev Wolter( ed.) [2007] A United Nations for the 21st Century: From Reaction to Prevention. Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.

  336. [2007] Hispanics and Asian Immigrants: America’s Last Hope
    In: Carol Swain (ed.) [2007] Debating Immigration. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 189-205.

  337. [2007] Don’t Brown the Latinos
    In: College and University Journal, 82(2): 37-39.

  338. [2007] Social Analysis and Social Action
    In: Samir Dasgupta / Robyn Driskell (eds.) [2007] Discourse on Applied Sociology: Volume I Theoretical Perspectives. New York: Anthem Press, pp. 157-164.

  339. [2007] Citizenship Tests: A Comparative, Communitarian Perspective
    In: The Political Quarterly, 78(3): 353-363. July-September 2007.

  340. [2007] Foreword
    In: Marie-Louise Bemelmans-Videc / Jeremy Lonsdale / Burt Perrin (ed.) [2007] Making Accountability Work: Dilemmas for Evaluation and for Audit. Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick, NJ, pp. ix-xviii.

  341. [2008] Will the Right Islam Stand Up?
    In: Sociological Forum, 23,(1):174-182. March 2008.

  342. [2008] A Global, Community Building Language?
    In: International Studies Perspectives, 9(2): 113-127.

  343. [2008] The Kennedy Experiment Revisited
    In: Political Research Quarterly, 61(1): 20-24. March 2008.

  344. [2008] EU: Closing the Community Deficit
    In: Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, 43(6): 324-331. November/December 2008.

  345. [2009] The Free Market Versus a Regulating Government
    In: Challenge, 52(1): 40-46. January-February 2009.
    “To regulate or not to regulate — that is not a question. There never was a free market, and even if one could be constructed, nobody would want to live with it. Throughout all of modern economic history … government has set limits on the market. Before that, there were no markets in the sense in which we use this term. All that has changed ar the degrees and kinds of regulations.” Free markets exist only in some rather simplistic mathematical models favored by many economists.

  346. [2009] Reconstruction: An Agenda
    In: David Chandler (ed.) [2009] Statebuilding and Intervention: Policies, practices and paradigms. New York, NY: Routledge Press, pp. 101-121.

  347. [2009] The Capture Theory of Regulations — Revisited
    In: Society 46: 319-323. July-August 2009.
    Since the 2008 financial crisis muchattention has been paid to the debate between those who call for more regulation of the private sector in order to protect the public good, and those who claim that such regulations would do further damage to the economy by unduly constraining business. Etzioni refocusses this debate about regulation by examining an alternative criticism: the theory of regulatory capture. This theory argues that regulations are routinely and predictably ‘captured’ and manipulated to serve the interests of those who are supposed to be subject to them, or the bureaucrats and legislators who write or control them. Etzioni demonstrates that regulatory capture is widespread and takes a variety of forms.

  348. [2009] Behavioral Economics: A Methodological Note
    In: Journal of Economic Psychology 31(1): 51-54. October 6, 2009.

  349. [2009] A Crisis of Consumerism
    In: Anton Hemerijck / Ben Knapen / Ellen van Doorne (ed.) [2009] Aftershocks: Economic Crisis and Institutional Choice. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 155-162.

  350. [2009] A New Social Movement?
    In: Samuel Alexander (ed.) [2009] Voluntary Simplicity: The Poetic Alternative to Consumer Culture. NZ: Stead & Daughters, Ltd, p 55-73.

  351. [2009] The Common Good and Rights: A Neo-Communitarian Approach
    In: Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, pp 113-119. Winter/Spring 2009.

  352. [2009] Israel: Samson’s Children
    In: Society 46(6): 477-478. November-December 2009.

  353. [2009/2010] Bottom-Up Nation Building
    In: Policy Review 158. December 2009-January 2010.

  354. [2010] The Normativity of Human Rights is Self Evident
    Human Rights Quarterly, 32:187-197.

  355. [2010] Life: The Most Basic Human Right
    In: Human Rights Journal 9(1):100-110. January 2010.

  356. [2010] Is Transparency the Best Disinfectant?
    In: Journal of Political Philosophy. June 2010.
    Transparency is generally defined as the principle of enabling the public to gain information about the operations and structures of a given entity. Transparancy is a highly regarded value, a precept used for ideological purposes, and a subject of academic study. Etzioni puts a critical question on the table: does transparency constitutes a reliable mechanism of promoting good governance and sound markets under most circumstances — or is it a rather weak means that itself relies on other forms of guidance and can supplement regulation but not serve a main form of guidance.

  357. [2010] The Great Entitlement Raid
    In: Society, 47(4): 281-285.

  358. [2011] Authoritarian versus responsive communitarian bioethics
    In: Journal of Medical Ethics, 37(1): 17-23. January 2011.

  359. [2011] Is China a responsible stakeholder?
    In: International Affairs, 87(3): 539-553. May 2011.
    China has recently been criticized for not being a responsible stakeholder, not being a good citizen of the international community and not contributing to global public goods — acting as a free-rider. Etzioni explores the application of the concept of stakeholding and what it entails to China’s international conduct. He applyies sets of criteria to evaluate whether China is acting as a responsible stakeholder in the international system. For Etzioni the concept of stakeholder is a highly communitarian. It holds that while the members of a given community are entitled to various rights, these go hand in hand with responsibilities for the common good. Communitarian economists have argued that the corporation should be viewed as belonging not solely to the shareholders, but to all those who have a stake in it and are invested in it, including the workers, its creditors and the community in which the plants are located. Etzioni concludes that China is a legitimate regional power, but surely not a responsible stakeholder; but then, few nations are.

  360. [2011] Citizenship in a communitarian perspective
    In: Ethnicities, 11(3): 336-349. September 2011.
    A good citizen accepts several basic responsibilities toward the common good of the nation, but is otherwise free to follow his or her own preferences. Thus all citizens may be called upon to serve in the armed forces or national service, be expected to vote and to serve on juries and obey the laws while having the freedom to worship as they wish, maintain secondary loyalty to their country of origin, and so on.

  361. [2011] Point of Order: Is China More Westphalian Than the West?
    In: Foreign Affairs, 90(6): 172-176. November/December 2011.

  362. [2011] Nationalism: The Communitarian Block
    In: The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 18(1): 229-247. Fall/Winter 2011.

  363. [2011] The New Normal
    In: Sociological Forum, 26(4): 779-789. December 2011.

  364. [2014] The Private Sector: A Reluctant Partner in Cybersecurity
    In: International Engagement on Cyber IV: 69-78.
    The private sector should be keen to protect its computers and networks from cyber-attacks by criminals and foreign agents. After all, hacking has caused considerable losses of trade secrets and other proprietary information. Cyber-attacks can take a kinetic form, which can harm the equipment and facilities —such as the national electrical grid— of those attacked. However, the private sector is far from rushing to protect itself from such attacks. The reasons for this reluctance range from the understandable pragmatic to the ideological.

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Social & Behavioral Studies
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Created June, 1996
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